House International Relations Committee
Congressman Henry J. Hyde
CONTACTS: Sam Stratman, (202) 226-7875, December 6, 2001
For IMMEDIATE Release
Hyde Global HIV/AIDS Legislation
Scheduled for House Vote December 11
- A $1.3 billion one-year authorization bill to address the global HIV/AIDS
crisis is scheduled for a vote in the House of Representatives on Tuesday,
December 11 its chief sponsor, U.S. Rep. Henry J. Hyde (R-IL), chairman of the
House International Relations Committee announced Thursday.
The bipartisan legislation, the Global Access to
HIV/AIDS Prevention, Awareness, Education and Treatment Act (HR 2069), was
approved 32-4 in June by the committee with support from cosponsors U.S. Reps.
Tom Lantos (D-CA), Jim Leach (R-IA) and Barbara Lee (D-CA).
"The scourge of HIV/AIDS is one of the great moral
challenges of our era, for it is one of the most compelling humanitarian and
national security crisis of modern times," Hyde said, adding,
"Everyone has a stake in what tragically could be the plague of the 21st
century, and we must meet this test by reaching out now to those most in need.
It is the right thing to do for our children, our country, and our world,"
Highlights of the HR 2069 (As amended):
for an international AIDS trust fund.
$485 million in
bilateral assistance largely through non-governmental organizations including
faith-based organizations and administered by the U.S. Agency for
International Development (USAID) to undertake a comprehensive program of
HIV/AIDS education, and treatment; including
prevention activities that promote behavioral change.
$50 million for a
pilot program for treatment of those infected by assisting developing
countries in procuring pharmaceuticals and anti-viral therapies.
Establishes programs to strengthen and broaden
indigenous health care delivery systems and the capacity of such systems to
deliver HIV/AIDS pharmaceuticals.
Provides assistance aimed at the prevention of
transmission of HIV/AIDS from mother to child.
Provides assistance to strengthen and expand hospice
and palliative care programs.
Funds care and support of children who are orphaned by
the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Funds vaccine research and development partnership
programs to develop a safe, effective, accessible, preventive HIV vaccine for
use throughout the world.
Establishes microenterprise programs that provide poor
families affected by HIV/AIDS with the economic means to care for themselves,
their children, and orphans.
Establishes an aggressive oversight program to monitor
projects, and activities.
Facts about the Global HIV/AIDS crisis:
According to the Joint United Nations Programme on
HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) more than 58 million people worldwide are infected with
HIV/AIDS; 22 million have died, 17 million in sub-Saharan Africa alone.
The HIV/AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa has grown
beyond an international public health issue to become a humanitarian, national
security, and developmental crisis. The pandemic is striking hardest among
women and girls. According to UNAIDS, by the end of 2000, 55 percent of the
HIV-positive population in sub-Saharan Africa and 40 percent of such
population in North Africa and the Middle East were women, infected mainly
through heterosexual transmission. In Africa, 6 out of 7 children who are HIV
positive are girls.
An estimated 1.4 million children under age 15 were
living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2000, of which 1.1 million were children
living in sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated 500,000 children died of AIDS
during 2000, of which 440,000 were children in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition
there are an estimated 13.2 million children worldwide who have lost one or
both of their parents to HIV/AIDS, of which 12.1 million are children in
Although the HIV/AIDS pandemic has impacted the
sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately, HIV infection rates are rising rapidly
in India and other South Asian countries, Brazil, Russia, Eastern European
countries, and Caribbean countries, and pose a serious threat to the security
and stability in those countries. Infection rates are rising rapidly in Haiti
and the Caribbean, where an estimated 5 percent of the population has AIDS or
In January 2000, the United States National
Intelligence Council estimated that this dramatic increase in AIDS orphans
will contribute to economic decay, social fragmentation, and political
destabilization in already volatile and strained societies. Children without
care or hope are often drawn into prostitution, crime, substance abuse or
child soldiery. The Council also stated that, in addition to the reduction of
economic activity caused by HIV/AIDS to date, the disease could reduce GDP by
as much as 20 percent or more by 2010 in some countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is not just a health crisis but
is directly linked to development problems, including chronic poverty, food
security and personal debt that are reflected in the capacity of affected
households, often headed by elders or orphaned children, to meet basic needs.
Similarly, heavily-indebted countries are stripped of the resources necessary
to improve health care delivery systems and infrastructure and to prevent,
treat, and care for individuals affected by HIV/AIDS.
By 2010, it is estimated that approximately
40,000,000 children worldwide will have lost one or both of their parents to